A Brief Insight To Bhakra Nangal Dam
Bhakra Nangal Dam is something tremendous, stupendous and something which will shake you up when you see it. It truly represents the symbol of India’s progress and rightly described as “The Temple Of Resurgent India” by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of Independent India. It’s one of the biggest multipurpose projects in the world positioned at the close proximity of Nangal Punjab and Naya Nangal. It is covered by lush green surroundings of Aravalli and Shivalik hills having diverse flora and fauna to watch out. Naina Devi temple is just 8 kms above the dam.
Bhakra Nangal Dam is a 740 Ft. high concrete gravity dam across the SutlejRiver, near the border of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in Northern India. It’s counted among the highest dams of Asia. When it comes to Bhakra Dam tourism, it is a major attraction of tourists from all over the world. It has huge reservoir that can store up to 9.34 billion cubic of water, which is known as Gobind Sagar. The reservoir was named after a renowned Sikh Guru Gobind Singh.
Bhakra Nangal project is committed for nation’s development through eco-friendly generation of electric power from water, better known as hydroelectricity. It has an installed capacity to generate 1478.72 MW of electric power. It’s another major role is to utilize the water of Sutlej for irrigation purposes in the adjoining areas. Recreation and fishing culture are added advantages. It commands an area of 10 million acres of land in the states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan.
In 1960, India and Pakistan signed an Indus-water Treaty that resulted in the development of a master plan to harness the irrigation, power generation and flood control potential of Bhakra Nangal Dam. This has led to the constitution of Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB). The spectacular growth in wheat production in the areas of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan can be attributed to this temple of Resurgent India.
Following projects can be attributed to turn the Bhakra dam as a truly multipurpose project.
- Bhakra dam and power plants
- Nangal dam
- Nangal hydel channel
- Ganguwal and Kotla power houses on the Nangal hydel channel
- Remodelling of Ropar headworks
- Remodelling of Sirhind canal
- Bhakra canals
- Bist Doab canal
- Transmission and distribution system of electrical energy
- Development of markets and communication of Bhakra area.
Started around 1947, the construction had to be spread over a number of years. In 1946, Sir Louis Dane commenced the preliminary work in the construction of dam but the project got delayed then. Soon after independence the construction of dam restarted. The preliminary work like diversion of river, enclosing the site by making copper dams, excavation up to 190 ft. below the river bed and finally putting up fully customized concreting plant took 8 years from 1947-1955. Bhakra Nangal dam was completed by the end of 1963.
In 1963, at the ceremony marked for dedication of Bhakra Nangal project to the nation, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru expressed like this “This dam has been built with the unrelenting toil of man for the benefit of mankind and therefore is worthy of worship. May you call it a Temple, a Gurudwara or a Mosque, it inspires our admiration and reverence”.
On 22 October 2013 Bhakra Dam is scheduled to complete it’s 50th anniversary of serving the nation.
Salient features of the Bhakra dam includes
- 4 spillway radial gates with each gate weighing 102 tons and having dimensions of 50’X 47.5’
- The spillway crest level is around 1645 ft. and the gate sill level is around 1642 ft.
- The Bhakra dam has maximum opening of 9.8 M with a total discharge of 1,97,300 cusecs
The adjoining areas of Bhakra dam offers a perfect tour to escape into the nature where every aspect of the natural surroundings has a story to narrate. You can also enjoy boating in the Sutlej while visiting Bhakra dam. There is a renowned and beautiful temple of Naina Devi, just 15 kms away from the Bhakra Nangal dam. Transportation service offers regular buses and private cars to visit bhakra and neighboring areas. Quality accommodation facility is available in the adjoining areas of Bhakra.